Figure one: Shows the chemical structure of Kanamycin

Figure Two: Shows the HNMR spectrum of Kanamycin.

Figure Three: Shows a doublet with peaks at 5.61ppm and 5.6ppm due to deshielding by the amount of electronegative atoms throughout the molecule.

Figure Four: Shows a doublet with peaks located near 5.15ppm and 5.14ppm due to the deshielding by the amount of electronegative atoms throughout the molecule.

Figure Five: A single peak is observed at 4.8ppm due to the D20 in the solution.

Figure Six: Shows a multiplet ranging from 3.6ppm to 4.09ppm due to extensive coupling of the hydrogen atoms on the cyclohexane rings throughout the molecule.

Figure Seven: Shows a triplet of doublets due to extensive hydrogen coupling throughout the molecule.

Figure Eight: Shows a doublet as well as two singlet peaks at approximately 3.181ppm, 3.161ppm, 3.13ppm, and 3.13ppm respectively. There are no singlet coupling within the molecule, but may be showing on the spectrum due to contamination within the solution.

Figure Nine: Displays a triplet of doublets with peaks near 2.241ppm and 2.365ppm respectively due to extensive coupling within the hydrogen atoms in the molecule.

Figure Ten: Displays a quartet with peaks located approximately at 1.75ppm, 1.78ppm, 1.81ppm, and 1.84ppm respectively. The quartet does not correspond to any of the protons in the molecule and can therefore be speculated that it is some sort of contamination within the sample.


Figure Eleven: Displays a triplet with peaks approximately at 1.149ppm, 1.170ppm, and 1.857ppm.